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In the past 2018 years, technology in all fields has made tremendous progress, as has the robotics field. Science has recently selected 10's prototype research from the laboratory to commercial robots that advance progress in various fields, condensing the important progress that has been reviewed in the robotics field over the past year.

Boston's power is amazing

After learning the backflip, last year's 1.5m 75kg humanoid robot once again stunned the world. In the smooth movement process, it not only easily crossed the obstacles on the ground, but also slid more smoothly into three staggered stacked wooden boxes. A series of complicated movements have been completed without stopping, which can be called the parkour first person in the robot world. Boston Dynamics continues to excel in the field of biped robotics.

New Da Vinci surgical robot

As the most representative surgical innovation in recent years, surgical robots are gradually becoming a powerful helper in various surgical operations. With the increase in surgical robots, clinical use and effectiveness have also increased significantly. As a leader in surgical robots, intuition surgery is working to expand the application boundaries of surgical robots. The latest single-hole surgical system requires only 2.5cm thick catheters and small wounds to perform complex procedures, while the surgeon can control three devices with complete elbow and elbow degrees of freedom, which can be effective with the cooperation of arthroscopes. Handle deep patient sites.

"growth" guided robot

Guided by internal “growth” has opened up a whole new direction for the development of robots. Imagine if the robot can bend through artificial control like a vine plant in nature, this robot takes advantage of the fantastic design ideas to break through the limitations of traditional robots. Extending outward through the inner stack of inflatable hoses, the software robot can travel through small spaces, unstructured or even pipes, providing more possibilities for narrow space navigation, medical equipment and cave exploration ruins. .

Liquid crystal elastomer applied to software robot

A major challenge in the robotics field is the development of energy efficient, versatile and flexible actuators by exploring new materials and construction methods. Multi-functional deformable liquid crystal elastomers have been used to develop elastic actuators, but recent research has shown that spatially programmed nematic structures can be constructed directly at high temperatures based on 3D printing. The actuator constructed by this method has higher lifting performance, and provides an effective technical guarantee for a wider range of functions and functions of the software robot.

Simulated muscle, hydraulic amplifying actuator with self-healing ability

This new type of actuator provides a transparent, self-sensing actuator with 10% controlled linear shrinkage, shrinkage of up to 900% per second, and operation at 50Hz. It combines the principles of electrostatics and hydraulics to directly control linear shrinkage by voltage without any pre-stretched material or other rigid structures. This type of actuator called HASEL (hydraulically amplified self-healing electrostatic) can take 200's own weight, multi-function and self-healing ability. But it only needs cheap materials to build, which makes it have great application potential.

DNA-based self-assembling nano-robot

The folding properties of DNA can be constructed in a variety of different shapes at the nanoscale. By controlling the self-assembled DNA structure in combination with a series of standard DNA, precise movement at the nanoscale is made possible by an externally tunable electric field. This special structure of nano-robot system can transport molecules and nanoparticles in parallel on the nanometer scale driven by electric field, and can build and assemble materials from the bottom layer. In addition, its location-related information can also be used in the field of molecular mechanical memory.

New flapping robot

Known as DelFly's flapping robot, it features tailless, no-traction, automation, programmable and small size, and has very flexible motion performance. It can achieve 360 degree flip and flip the highest angular acceleration up to 5000 degrees / Every second and second. It can be used to test how tiny insects are controlled by flight. This flapping wing aircraft can accurately reproduce the escape flight of fruit flies without precise control of the rotating shaft, which has led to new ideas for scientists to study flight patterns.

Flexible exoskeleton wearable robot

When exoskeleton robots enter people's lives, not everyone wants to become Iron Man's fully armed look. The current lightweight and flexible exoskeleton kit combines garment design, sensors, controls and actuators to increase strength, balance and durability. This flexible exoskeleton kit can be used to help older people carry heavy loads and improve their independence of life, as well as for rehabilitation in children and adults. In addition, through the introduction of artificial closed-loop control, the connection between machinery and people is smoother and more compliant, and can provide personalized control strategies and application methods.

UR e series robot

UR has been widely used in various fields as a leader in collaborative robots. The new e-series robots further enhance the trend of manual teaching. With more security strategies and force/torque sensors, smarter human-machine collaboration is possible, and robots can work more closely with human operators and learn more from humans.

Aibo returns

Twenty years after Sony first launched the robot dog Aibo, the new Aibo came to us again. In addition to a more beautiful shape, it also adds voice understanding and more learning. With the help of new abilities, children can play a more important role in companionship with the elderly. For such social robots, perceiving the surrounding humans and interacting with humans requires the robot to develop individuality and empathy, as well as understanding before and after. Future machines will know you and me better.

The robot has made progress in many aspects this year. The novel design, strong materials, stable control, everything from industry to research to you and me are constantly evolving. What new capabilities will the 2019 robots develop and what new breakthroughs will be achieved? let us wait and see!